I made my timeline on the website Dipity: http://www.dipity.com/amypiotrowski/Assessment-for-Freshman-Comp/
For my assessment history timeline, I looked at the history of Advanced Placement English. The most interesting trend I saw was the shift from AP being seen as elitist to being seen as a way to get ahead in college. AP started as the idea of elite colleges and private secondary schools. Many students at elite colleges reported being bored by their freshmen coursework because these courses covered material they learned in high school. The solution school administrators came to was to design advanced courses and exams so students could enter college with advanced standing. For its first 20 years, AP was seen as an elitist program, not for most students. After 1983’s Nation at Risk, several reports and commissions praised AP. The program grew as students began to see AP as a way for anyone to get college credits. Laws passed by state legislatures in support of AP continued that growth. By the 1990’s, AP courses became almost a necessity on the transcript of anyone hoping to get into college. In 2007, the synthesis question was added to the AP English Language and Composition Exam to make the tasks on the test more like the tasks students do in a freshman composition course. This past spring, 476,277 students took the AP English Language and Composition exam, a huge increase over the 377 students who took the first AP English Composition exam in 1955.
I agree with Dr. Neal’s argument that freshman composition will increasingly be taught in high schools, not in colleges. I wonder if high school students will take AP English Language and Composition courses or take dual enrollment courses. Which way of teaching freshman composition in the high school will be dominant in 10 or 20 years? Or will school districts try to combine AP and dual enrollment in one course, as the Texas district I taught in was beginning to do when I left for FSU?
AP Central – The English Language and Composition Exam. Retrieved from http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/members/exam/exam_information/2001.html
AP Course Audit – Online Learning. Retrieved from http://www.collegeboard.com/html/apcourseaudit/district_approach2.html
AP Program Participation and Performance Data 2013. Retrieved from http://research.collegeboard.org/programs/ap/data/participation/2013
Jones, J. (2001). Recomposing the AP English exam. English Journal, 91(1), 51-56.
Rothschild, E. (1999). Four decades of the Advanced Placement program. The History Teacher, 32(2), 175-206.
Schwartz, J. (2004). Confessions of an AP reader. English Journal, 93(4), 53-57.