There appears to be discrepancies between how male and female students react and respond to writing situations with explicit rubrics compared to situations that do not use rubrics
Female students tend to perform better than male students in writing situations with explicit rubrics.
Compare grades across courses where students are assigned to write on the same topic but one group is given a very explicit rubric and the other is not.
Also compare to male performance in similar situations.
Code for the specific criteria on the rubric
Interviews with instructors who graded the different assignments. Ask instructors who did not have a rubric what they were grading on. Compare criteria.
Female students will do better with a rubric than male students. Furthermore, they perform better overall, but generally better when they have a rubric,
What practices are responsible for inculcating students with these attitudes?